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#1424 Growing Cranberries, Contrary, Bog, Wetsuits That Look Like Suits, Perennial
Hi, I'm Sarah, welcome to The Daily English Show.
This is cranberry juice. I'd never really thought about how cranberries were grown until the other day I stumbled across a video called: "How Does It Grow? Cranberries".
And that's the video we're studying today. I think it's really interesting to see how they're grown and the shots of the cranberries in the water are quite beautiful.
In the video, the presenter says: "Contrary to popular belief, cranberries don't grow underwater."
Contrary means different or against. Contrary to popular belief is a phrase that you can use when you say something that's the opposite of what most people think.
For example: Contrary to popular belief, the woman who sued McDonald's after spilling her hot coffee actually had a legitimate case.
In the cranberry video, the presenter explains how cranberries grow. And she says: "Cranberries grow on low, trailing vines, in sunken beds called bogs."
If a plant is trailing, it means it kind of grows along the ground, rather than growing straight up like a tree.
And a bog, as she says, is a sunken bed. My dictionary says a bog is: (an area of) wet soft ground, formed of decaying plants. If you look up bog in Wikipedia you can see that there are actually all kinds of different bogs, like a blanket bog and a valley bog.
Bog is also slang for toilet. I'm pretty sure that's actually the first meaning I learnt for the word bog. It's pretty common slang here in New Zealand.
Kia ora in Stick News today Quiksilver Japan is selling wetsuits that look like actual suits.
When surfers ride waves they usually wear a rubber suit called a wetsuit.
Office workers wear a different kind of suit.
Last month Quicksilver Japan announced they'd developed something that was suitable for the waves and the office.
They're called True Wetsuits. And according to Quiksilver they're a solution for people wiht busy lifestyles who are struggling to find time to go surfing.
The jacket, pants and tie are all made from neoprene and the shirts are made from a stretchy quick-drying fabric.
They're made to order and cost 324,000 yen.
And that was Stick News for Thursday the 28th of May.
Kia ora.
A man surfing wearing a black wetsuit.
A tired man wearing a grey suit, holding a brown briefcase.
Two men surfing, one man is wearing a wetsuit that looks like a suit.
Two men wearing suits, one man has water dripping off his suit.
Finished the report, boss.
A man sitting at a desk, looking at his laptop, smiling.
So ridiculous! And awesome! I want one!
A man sitting at a desk, looking at his laptop.


Word Of The Day logo

Today's word is perennial.
In today's video, when the presenter's explaining how cranberries grow, she says: "The plants are perennial, meaning they survive year after year."
And that's what perennial means, it means it lives for several years.
Some plants die after one year, they're called annuals.
These are some annual plants: peas, lettuce, watermelon.
And these are perennial plants: apples, kiwifruit, persimmon.

Conversations With Sarah logo

Wade: Why do people think cranberries grow underwater?
Sarah: Well, according to the video they are underwater sometimes. The bogs get flooded twice a year.
Wade: Why is that?
Sarah: In winter they get flooded to keep the plants warm.
Wade: To keep them warm? Really?
Sarah: Yeah. And then they flood the bogs again to harvest the berries.
Wade: Why do the bogs need to be flooded to harvest the berries?
Sarah: It's easier than picking them I guess. It looks like they use a machine to knock the berries off and then they scoop them all up out of the water.

Question Answer logo

ESL Video Quiz: #1424 Comprehension
And that was The Daily English Show.
Are you a fan of cranberry juice? How do you drink it? With ice? Or maybe in a cosmopolitan?
Please go and check out the cranberry video. And you can find the transcript for that video at thedailyenglishshow.com/1421
See you tomorrow. Cheers!
Of all the fruits farmed in the United States, you can count on one hand how many are native to this land. Cranberries are one of them.
They were both food and medicine to Native Americans who recognized the cranberry’s anti-inflammatory properties. They even spread it on their arrow wounds.
And today we know the humble cranberry outranks almost every fruit and vegetable for disease-fighting antioxidants.
Every year one fifth of America’s total harvest is consumed around one day - Thanksgiving. Most of that is cranberry sauce.
Only 5% of the nation’s crop is sold as whole, fresh cranberries. But everything else we eat - the dried sweetened cranberries, the juice, the sauce ... It all starts with this peculiar little berry.
And contrary to popular belief, cranberries don’t grow underwater. So, how do they grow?
We’re in Southern New Jersey, one of America’s top three cranberry states. This region is called the Pine Barrens.
A natural habitat for cranberries. Many of the same families have farmed the berries since the mid-1800s, like the Lee Brothers, this seventh-generation cranberry farm.
Cranberries grow on low trailing vines, in sunken beds called bogs.
The plans are perennial, meaning they survive year after year. Here the oldest vines are over 65 years old.
Cranberries love this sort of sandy soil and they take a long time to grow - 16 months.
You can see here that while the berries are ripening the buds for next year’s crop are already growing on the vine. So farmers have to carefully nurture two seasons of cranberries at one time.
Water is one of the most precious resources for cranberry farmers.
This 2000 acre farm uses only 130 acres to grow cranberries. The rest is a series of reservoirs and watersheds.
The primary source is the waiting river which runs naturally along the farm. And we’ll borrow the water during the growing season and put it back in when we’re finished with it. We’re simply holding the keys for the following generations after us.
So what’s all this water for if the cranberries grow on dry land?
Well, twice a year the farmers flood the bogs. First in December for the duration of winter. This is when the plants go dormant and their blanket of water insulates the vines from harsh winter frost.
In the spring, the bogs are drained. And the cranberry’s pink flowers bloom. Nowadays many farms, like Lee Brothers, hire commercial bees to pollinate the fields. And by mid-June the fruit begins to grow. The berries start out green, turn white around August and finally, red in the fall.
The funny thing about cranberries is they don’t really sweeten as they ripen like strawberries or blueberries. They’re a naturally tart fruit whether they’re red or white. And the colour is just skin deep, see the inside is white and it’s crisp like an apple. And inside there are four air chambers, which means that cranberries can float.
And that brings us to the second time the bogs are flooded. For the October harvest.
A harvester drives through to knock the berries off the vines. Then farmers wade into the bog to corral the floating berries to an elevator that sucks them up into a truck.
Nearly all the cranberry farmers in New Jersey belong to the Ocean Spray cooperative, which grows over 60% of the world’s cranberries.
These berries will be frozen and processed into craisins and cranberry juice.
Remember cranberries are tart so a lot of cranberry products have added sugar to make them sweet. But around thanksgiving you can find whole cranberries, fresh or frozen, in the supermarket and you can easily turn these berries into a killer cranberry sauce.
You can even mould the sauce and refrigerate it for that fresh from a can look.
Except this stuff is a whole lot better for you and it tastes a whole lot better too.
The ending shots were filmed at Manu Bay, Raglan, New Zealand on Tuesday 5 March 2013. Full video from that day.
Show intro
track: Nothing In The Dark  by: Josh Woodward  licence: CC BY 3.0
Stick News intro
track: Pyramid  by: Capashen  licence: CC BY-SA 3.0
sound: static  by: Joel Gerlach  licence: CC0 1.0
video: static  by: REC Room  licence: CC BY 3.0
sound: bell  by: kaonaya  licence: CC0 1.0
Word Of The Day intro
sound: plane  by: Ben Shewmaker  licence: CC BY 3.0
track: Prá Hermeto  by: Ruben Ferrero  licence: CC BY-SA 3.0

Conversations With Sarah intro
sound: bubbles  by: Razzvio  licence: CC BY 3.0
Question Answer intro
sound: chalk  by: thavis360  licence: CC0 1.0
Question Answer + Ending
track: Blue Tie by: Bruno Susio Licence: CC BY-SA 3.0

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Published: Thursday 28 May 2015